KEY BENEFITS Black Ops® is an elite weight management system developed by the multi award winning R&D team at Grenade® and has a unique stimulatory effect which may enhance mental and physical performance. Predominantly aimed at male users, Black Ops® has a shorter duration of action than the original Grenade® Thermo Detonator making it ideal for focused HIIT (High Intensity Interval Training) sessions and for training later in the afternoon or early evening. Developed in conjunction with elite US Special Ops Forces, Grenade® Black Ops® delivers a precise, controlled level of stimulant effect. This research-supported product is perfect for delivering targeted, moderate-duration bursts of energy and thermogenesis, without causing prolonged, jittery side effects, which can occur with many fat burners and pre-workout products. Why feel tense, nervous and short tempered for hours after you take your fat-burner product? Why not take a precisely-dosed product that delivers the energizing and fat-mobilizing effects without the side effects and the big crash at the end? Well, now with Black Ops® you can have the desired effects you’re after, without the downsides*. RESEARCH When you try to solve a complex problem like getting rid of unsightly body fat, you can’t just come at it from just one angle. The body constantly adapts to changes in one or two metabolic pathways. So you have to consider all of the angles. That’s what the Grenade® Research Team has done with Black Ops®. The first thing you have to do when designing a world-beating fat burner is to mobilise fat from fat cells. This is affected by caffeine – a must-have ingredient in any such product. Then, to ensure that the fat gets eliminated (and not just stored back in fat cells), you have to increase the metabolic rate and increase fat oxidation. This is achieved by green tea, which has been shown in clinical studies to help dieters shed inches and increase their resting metabolisms... then Cayenne kicks in, to assist green tea in ensuring maximum oxidation! Next, there are two other conditions, without which, you simply won’t burn maximum fat - you need to influence the right hormones and chemical messengers. This is where Blue green algae and Cocoa Extract come in. Blue green algae contains essential fatty acids and Phenylephrine. Essential fatty acids are associated with decreased body fat mass and phenylephrine is known to stimulate the body’s primary fat-burning hormone called norepinephrine. So now you have the body’s primary signalling molecules – hormones - on your side. Finally, the icing on the cake is Cocoa Extract’s effect on nitric oxide. Most of us know nitric oxide as a vasodilator and pre-workout booster but it has been shown to be intimately involved in fat metabolism and in fact if it is blocked, the use of fat for energy virtually comes to a halt in the body. References* 1. Graham TE. Caffeine and exercise: metabolism, endurance and performance. Sports Med. 2001;31(11):785-807. 2. Galgani JE, Ravussin E. Effect of dihydrocapsiate on resting metabolic rate in humans. Source. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Nov;92(5):1089-93. 3. Chaiyata P, Puttadechakum S, Komindr S. Effect of chili pepper (Capsicum frutescens) ingestion on plasma glucose response and metabolic rate in Thai women. J Med Assoc Thai. 2003 Sep;86(9):854-60. 4. Fraga CG, Litterio MC, Prince PD, Calabró V, Piotrkowski B, Galleano M. Cocoa flavanols: effects on vascular nitric oxide and blood pressure. J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2011 Jan;48(1):63-7. Epub 2010 Dec 28. 5. Wang W, Basinger A, Neese RA, Christiansen M, Hellerstein MK.Effects of nicotinic acid on fatty acid kinetics, fuel selection, and pathways of glucose production in women. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Jul;279(1):E50-9. 6. Henning BF, Tepel M, Riezler R, Gillessen A, Doberauer C. Vitamin supplementation during weight reduction--favourable effect on homocysteine metabolism. Res Exp Med (Berl). 1998 Jul;198(1):37-42. 7. Penry JT, Manore MM. Choline: an important micronutrient for maximal endurance-exercise performance? Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2008 Apr;18(2):191-203. 8. Power M, Pratley R. Alternative and complementary treatments for metabolic syndrome. Curr Diab Rep. 2011 Jun;11(3):173-8.